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Government did not keep promises: protestors Morocco’s unemployed demand government ouster

In Non classé on février 21, 2011 at 10:39

RABAT (Adel al-Zubairi)


A group of Morocco’s unemployed youths staged protests calling for the ouster of the government of Prime Minister Abbas al-Fasi for failing to keep its promises in offering job opportunities to university graduates.

Unemployed Moroccan youths staged a sit-in in Mohamed VI Street in the capital Rabat to protest the government’s inability to respond to their demands even after they submitted a list of the names of unemployed youths.

After holding a meeting with representatives of the unemployed and government officials, the government of Prime Minister Abbas al-Fasi had promised Thursday to offer job opportunities to disgruntled university graduates as of March 1 in return for stopping street protests in main streets of Rabat.

Employment promises did not pacify protestors, who expressed their mistrust of the government due to the absence of guarantees in the form of a written document that preserves their rights in getting jobs at the scheduled time.

Protestors tried to storm the royal palace in Rabat, but failed due to tight security. None of the protestors was hurt due to strict instructions not to use violence to stop the protests. Protestors stayed in front of the palace holding placards that express their complaints till 10:00 pm.

Representatives of the protesters said demonstrations and sit-ins will continue for the coming days until the government responds to their demands, which they have been voicing for at least two years.

The number of unemployed activists in Rabat has reached 2,000 and the last mass employment took place in June 2010.

Sources told Al Arabiya that the government is expected to announce the availability of 1,200 job vacancies.

(Translated from the Arabic by Sonia Farid)


The psychological effects of unemployment

In Non classé on janvier 22, 2011 at 2:50

by: A.ElAouad

Both economic and psychological research provides convincing evidence that unemployment adversely affects a person’s wellbeing. Compared to employed individuals and those in low-paid jobs, the unemployed are significantly more likely to suffer: anxiety; depression; hostility; paranoia; loss of confidence; reduction in self-esteem; poorer cognitive performance; loss of motivation; learned helplessness; lower happiness; suicidal ideation; lower levels of coping; psychosomatic problems; and behavioral problems due to the bad idea and darkness future. Moreover, the impact of unemployment worsens over time and may have a scarring effect. Clark et al., (2001) found wellbeing is lower not only for the current unemployed but also for those with higher levels of past unemployment. During this period, the work skills (human capital) of the unemployed become outdated and redundant, making them less employable and gradually lose the motivation, This long period produces adverse health effects, including a loss of self-esteem, fear, depression, and a sense of ‘learned helplessness’. Fryer’s (1986) ‘agency restriction model’ argues that financial deprivation (i.e. the loss of the manifest benefit of employment – income) is the main negative consequence of unemployment. He believed individuals strive for meaningful determination in line with their personal values and goals. Unemployed people, having lost their income, would have greater difficulty making plans for the future, causing psychological distress. In the same way, Jahoda (1981; 1982) argues that paid employment also helps meet five important latent psychological needs: time structure; social contact outside of the immediate family; being part of a collective purpose; engagement in meaningful activities, and; having social status. Unemployment reduces an individual’s capacity to meet these psychological needs, leading to higher levels of distress. Compared to the employed, unemployed people experience greater financial strain (Rantakeisu, 1999; Turner 1995), have less structured and purposeful time use (Wanberg, et al., 1997), lower levels of activity (Waters & Moore, 2002c), are involved in fewer social activities (Underlid, 1996), feel less involved in a collective purpose, and have a lower sense of status (Creed & Muller, 2003). Waters and Moore (2002) and Kulik (2001) found financial deprivation, alternate roles, social support, and leisure activities; have a significant effect on self-esteem and psychological health during unemployment.