Unemployment graduates in Morocco: an overview on the policy chosen.

In Non classé on septembre 4, 2010 at 11:36

By A. Ahouach, translated by A. Elaouad

For two decades, beginning in 1990, the Moroccan capital streets have become the battleground for the most violent nature between security forces and the movement of unemployed graduates that spend their life in study and knowledge to find their self were become a victim of jobless. This latter, unable to reach by a democratic way, to unemployment with their study levels, have been forced to organize in group to protest movement with the aim of defending their right to work. Similarly, the group of unemployed graduates is vehemently condemning the use of non-transparent methods (piston strokes), favored by the climate of corruption within the Moroccan authorities to get a job within Public.

in opposition to the precarious economic situation and social exclusion that affects the majority of graduates of higher education, and due to the absence of a government strategy to think of structural solutions and the rational problem of unemployment, the resistance of unemployed graduates to the official policies socially unjust can only inflame and harden even more if the government continued to ignore the legitimate cry of unemployed graduates. One of them said « my ideal? » He asked. Get a valuable job. Otherwise, I’d rather die in the streets instead to leaving the country. There is much demand for immigration because our presences mind. Another replies « I am resolved, » he said, to defend my right to work regardless of the price, and that neither the repression of the police nor the arbitrary arrests can not discourage my resolve.  » A third wondered  » why is there that the government has decided to inflate the salaries of senior officials who are already big enough so that the rate of unemployment affecting senior and youth in general is increasing » . A fourth is not an illusion, he said « I blame the government for favoring unemployment, insecurity, illiteracy, drugs, prostitution – phenomenon suddenly exacerbated after independence – and have attracted radical Islamism in the Maghreb to force people to accept the real status and not being able to challenge the official policies that have no other objective than to preserve the geopolitical and economic interests of neo-colonialism.

We aren’t claiming anything other than out right to work without having to resort to the piston strokes, while respecting our constitutional right to demonstrate peacefully and express ourselves freely in public places and at public forums, the graduates with the national and international public opinion, wondered why the state did not intend to stop making use of repressive methods instead of approaching the issue of unemployment differently? Why the State refused to waive the punishment whenever the poorest start to express their discontent and anger on the streets against official policies, further impoverishing and pushing them to lead an austere life private the most basic human rights?

Unless the government consider the poorest of people as part of a state strategy trying to make people more docile, when we know that poverty and social exclusion make the person subject dispossessed the ability to understand the political and economic issues, the state must stop being an avid student for FMI, and this, by refusing the advice of the experts that lead the country to correct malfunctions of their economy by privatizing their national companies and public services
. According to these experts, the employment crisis in developing countries, like Morocco, can be exceeded if the country is manages to fully engage in a liberalization of their economic activities, found ineffective. Doing so, according to the expertise of the FMI, the country could boost their economy by foreign capital invested through privatization, and will therefore arrive at the lower rate of population affected by unemployment by new jobs created. However, the reality of things shows the failure to adopt such a liberal economic policy, dictated by the FMI in many poor countries. Having suffered the instructions of the FMI under the structural adjustment program, for countries in trouble because of debt to keep their credit, poor countries eventually relinquish some or all of their public service basis to the private sector (privatization of water, electricity, education, health, transport, …). On the other hand, the IMF’s instructions forced them to turn to the overexploitation of natural resources instead of investing in an economy based on technology and scientific research. The direct consequence of such policies is a very substantial reduction in public investment, the reduction in funds allocated to public services (schools, universities, hospitals) and higher rates of unemployment among graduates by lack of facilities necessary (research facility, modern businesses, industries advanced), and massive redundancies after the closure of local businesses that could not adapt to the logics of the liberal market.
In sum, and finally, the challenge of employment for graduates of higher education will be won on the day when Moroccan state engage seriously to upgrade their economy so as not to be dependent on market Liberal. This is possible only when the state began to restructure their own economy around scientific research and technology; which in turn is unachievable in Morocco that dare not democratize their institutions and its constitution.


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